Oil palm

Oil palm history in Malaysia

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Oil palm industry is well developed in Malaysia. African oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis) was first introduced in Malaysia during 1900, and since then Malaysia have become the largest oil palm producer in the world. There is a total of 3.87 million hectares of land all over Malaysia used to plant oil palm trees. The annual production of Fresh Fruit bunches is around 19 tons per hectares. What is more, Malaysia has become the major palm oil exporter that even exceeds Indonesia who has larger plantation area.

What is oil palm tree?

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What is oil palm tree? Scientifically in biodiversity taxonomy, oil palm is under Arecaceae palm family. There are two common species: Elaeis guineensis and Elaeis oleifera. Elaeis is a Greek word, meaning oil. Elaeis guineensis originate natively from west and southwest Africa between Angola and Gambia, whereas Elaeis oleifera is American oil palm species native to tropical Central and South America. Oleifera here come from English word ‘oliferous’, meaning ‘oil-producing’)

What is oil palm fiber?

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What is Oil Palm Fiber? Oil palm fiber is the fibrous material obtained from oil palm. FFB (Fresh Fruit Bunch) which is plucked from the tree is sent to palm oil mill to extract crude palm oil. After several sterilization processes, palm oil bunch would have to go through a fruit detachment process whereby threshing process applied in order to separate between sterilized palm fruit and EFB (Empty Fruit Bunch). In other words, EFB is the byproduct in oil extraction process

Oil palm pellets

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Oil palm pellets are other products that use EFB and/or mesocarp fiber as raw materials. Fiber is extracted from EFB via shredding process. Pellets are subsequently produced by processing and pelletizing the extracted fiber. The main reason why pelletizing is needed is that this process aids in elevating pelletizing percentage and density level to increase their burning efficiency. With high carbon and heating value characteristics, oil palm pellets are good burning fuel.

Oil palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB)

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Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) is originally in raw form and is further processed into shredded form. Shredding process slices EFB into smaller and loose structure, which improves the volume-weight ratio. The purpose of this additional process is to boost the bio-fuel characteristic. Subsequently, it needs to be further dried up for transportation purpose and make it even more suitable candidate as biodiesel in biomass plant.

Oil palm mesocarp fiber

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Oil palm fruit is plucked and sent for palm oil extraction. The pericarp which is the outer layer can be separated into endocarp, mesocarp and exocarp layers, and among them, mesocarp is the thickest and fibrous layer. After oil extraction, mesocarp fiber and palm kernel nut become left over mass. The Mesocarp Fiber is then separated from Palm Kernel Nut by cyclone separator. Mesocarp fiber is elongated cellulose with 30-50mm length which constitute 15.7% of FFB.

What are the uses of oil palm?

What are the uses of oil palm? Oil palm is notable for its valuable palm oil that could be extracted. Palm oil is edible oil for cooking. Since our company, Louis Digital Enterprise, focus on oil palm fiber and pellets instead of palm oil, we will elaborate more on those.

Difference between oil palm and palm oil

Palm oil and oil palm have been used widely and many of us thought they are the same. This leads to the wrong perception of these two terms. What are the differences between oil palm and palm oil?

SIRIM quality management

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SIRIM is a global research and standards development organization owned my Malaysian government, and it has pivotal role in quality assurance. According to SIRIM quality management in oil palm:Moisture content: "Inherent characteristics such as high moisture content will have a detrimental effect on the oil palm residues. Degradation and infection will easily take place thus leading to deterioration in the properties of the fibres. To prevent this from happening, a moisture content of around 15% (on wet basis) was set.This value is comparable to the moisture content for all wood-based fibers" - SIRIM

EFB Fiber Specification

EFB Fiber Specification TYPE: Palm fiber PLACE OF ORIGIN: Malaysia MOISTURE: 8cm PACKAGING: Bale form Apart from commercial invoice and packing list, we will provide certificate of origin (form E) and Phytosanitary certificate.